Network projects

​GÉANT manages research and education networking projects in partnership with the European Commission (EC), our European NREN members, global NRENs and other partners.


At the core of these projects is to interconnect national research and education networking (NREN) organisations in different regions, through the procurement, building and operation of large-scale, advanced international high-speed networks. Some of the projects also include development and delivery of services above the network, and research into networking technologies.


GÉ​ANT currently manages networking projects serving Europe (GÉANT Project), the Eastern Partnership countries (EaPConnect), the Mediterranean (EUMEDCONNECT3), Central Asia (CAREN2) and Africa (AfricaConnect2). We also participate in the Fed4FIRE testbed 'future internet' project and support GLIF, the Global Lambda Integrated Facility​. ​ An overview of these projects is shown below, with further information available on the respective project websites.

GÉANT​ Project (GN4​) ​​GEANT_logo_GN4_large.png
The GÉANT Project operates the pan-European GÉANT network, delivering advanced multi-domain services and facilitates joint-research activity that drives innovation. The overall objective is to provide a stable, though innovative environment for the growth of the GÉANT network as the European Communications Commons for the European Research Area (ERA), providing the best possible infrastructure to ensure that Europe remains in the forefront of research.
The first phase of the GN4 project GN4-1 started 1 May 2015 and ran to 31 August 2016. The second phase GN4-2 started 1 May 2016 and ran to 31 December 2019. The third and current phase, GN4-3, started 2 January 2019 and will finish 30 December 2022.


To learn more, visit the GÉANT Project pages.


AfricaConnect3 supports the development of high-capacity internet networks for research and education across Africa. It builds on existing networks in Eastern and Southern Africa and North Africa and will extend connectivity into West and Central Africa. With links to the GÉANT network AfricaConnect3 will provide an African gateway for global collaborations.

To learn more, visit the AfricaConnect3 website. 


The BELLA Programme provides for the long-term interconnectivity needs of European and Latin American research and education communities. This is being achieved through two complementary and interdependent actions which will significantly enhance the ability of researchers and academics across to two regions to collaborate together. These are BELLA-S and BELLA-T:
  • BELLA-S: By securing rights to spectrum on a direct submarine cable between the two regions, BELLA-S will provide for the transatlantic data-sharing needs of the European and Latin American research and education communities for the next quarter of a century. BELLA-S will implement sufficient capacity between the GÉANT and RedCLARA networks to provide for immediate capacity requirements, and will subsequently be able to upgrade capacity as demand requires.
  • BELLA-T: By completing the terrestrial optical fibre network infrastructure of RedCLARA, a significant improvement of the Latin American research and education backbone will be achieved. This enhancement will ensure that the enormous step forward of the transcontinental capacity will be evenly distributed across the region, and through synergies with Latin American NRENs will enhance capillarity and equal access to intercontinental services for all research and education end users in Latin American.
To learn more, visit the BELLA Programme website.  


caren_logo_large.pngLaunched in 2010, CAREN interconnects researchers, academics and students at over 500 institutions in Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan and Turkmenistan with Kazakhstan and Uzbekistan also candidate countries.

EU funding for the CAREN project ended in December 2019. The region’s NRENs have started a new phase of regional collaboration. Find out more at



The EU-funded ‘EU4Digital: Connecting Research and Education Communities (EaPConnect)’ project is creating a regional high-speed Internet network dedicated to research and education across Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Georgia, Moldova and Ukraine. The network integrates the NRENs in these six countries with the pan-European GÉANT network.

To learn more, visit the EaPC​o​nnect website.


eumedconnect3_logo_large.pngEUMEDCONNECT3 provides a high-capacity dedicated internet network for the research and education communities across the eastern Mediterranean region.


To learn more, visit the ​EUMEDCO​NNECT3 website.            


glif_logo_large.pngGLIF, the Global Lambda Integrated Facility, is an international consortium that promotes the paradigm of lambda networking. GLIF gathers lambda providers and GOLE (GLIF Open Lightpath Exchange) operators internationally as an integrated facility to support data-intensive scientific research, and supports network middleware development for global automated lambda networking.


GÉANT provides secretariat support for GLIF and participates in the Network Service Interface deployment and standardisation activities.


To learn more, visit the GLIF website.



In response to the H2020 call H2020-SGA-INFRA-GEANT-2018 Topic [b], GÉANT is undertaking the most significant refresh of the GÉANT network in a decade, with a major project designed to support the needs of Europe's research and education community for the next 15 years.

The GN4-3N project will involve restructuring the GÉANT backbone network through exploration and procurement of long-term Indefeasible Rights of Use (IRUs), leased lines and associated equipment, serving the GÉANT partner NRENs and providing interconnectivity to the global research and education community.

To learn more visit the project page