Delivering cosmic results by studying gamma rays.



Any solar disturbance, for instance, magnetic storms or flares, reacts with the atmosphere and becomes ‘cosmic showers’, which may play a role in cloud formation and climate change, and could be responsible for radiation exposure on long-distance, high-altitude flights. They can also seriously damage sensitive electronics on board the large number of satellites circling our planet, which are responsible for important communications and geo-monitoring. The challenge is to improve understanding of cosmic radiation, based on data-intensive collaborative research between astrophysicists in China and Italy.



Understanding these phenomena is data-intensive work. Through high-speed research networks, data is seamlessly transmitted from the ARGO-YBJ telescope facility in Tibet to INFN-CNAF, a dedicated computing centre for high-energy physics experiments in Bologna, Italy for analysis.



The power of the GÉANT and ORIENTplus networks is essential in enabling cutting-edge international scientific collaboration between physicists in a remote Tibetan location and in Italy, providing insights into the mysteries of the universe.


​“International collaboration between scientists is the only way to achieve a project like this and the combination of GÉANT and ORIENTplus makes that a reality for us. We maintain and operate the telescope facility – and all the processing takes place in near-real time thousands of miles away.”
Professor Cao Zhen, the Chinese spokesman for ARGO-YBJ