​Asia and Pacific


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TEIN - a gateway for global collaboration

With more than 55 million users and representing over 60% of the world's population, the TEI​N network currently interconnects universities and research centres in 23 countries across Asia​-Pacific.


asiaconnect_v3.jpgBetween 2006 and 2012 the TEIN regional network was established and managed by DANTE (now GÉANT). In September 2012, responsibility for the successor phase, TEIN4, was transferred to the TEIN* Cooperation Center (TEIN*CC) with the backing of the Korean government. The current project phase Asia@Connect (2016-2021) receives €20m funding support from the European Union.


TEIN has multiple connections to GÉANT: 

  • at 10Gbps from Madrid to Mumbai;
  • a 10Gbps circuit between Singapore and London;
  • a 10Gbps Beijing-London link.

The following NRENs are currently connected to TEIN:

​NREN ​Country​
​Mbps Connection​



​2 x 2.5Gbps











​Hong Kong




​2 x 10Gbps


























​New Zealand












​Sri Lanka








Visit the Asi@Connect website.


Jointly funded and managed by GÉANT and CERNET, a 10Gbps link between Beijing and London provides direct high-capacity EU-China connectivity and seamlessly continues the EC-funded ORIENTplus circuit that was established between 2011 and 2014. The main applications running over the link include genome projects, LHC collaborations, radio-astronomy, severe-weather forecasting, agriculture, astrophysics; the ITER fusion project will also benefit.


In September 2015 GÉANT and CERNET (China Education and Research Network) signed a Memorandum of Understanding to reinforce their long-term partnership and to further strengthen ICT collaboration between the European and Chinese research and education networking communities. The partnership will ensure coordinated operation of the EU/China connectivity and will plan for capacity upgrades in the future. In addition, the parties committed to supporting the deployment of advanced network services (e.g. eduroam and perfSONAR) and Future Internet testbeds, and to jointly undertaking outreach and user support activities within their research and education communities.

orientplus high res.jpgAt TNC16 in Prague, representatives of the European and Chinese NREN communities came together with the clear intention to build on the strong ORIENTplus brand and thus to effectively promote the link, raise awareness of its benefits among existing and prospective users and cooperate on technical activities.

To find out more, please visit the ORIENTplus website.


Additional connections to Japan and Taiwan

In addition to its connection to the TEIN network in the Asia-Pacific region, the Japanese network, SINET, also peers with GÉANT at 10Gbps in New York and at 10Gbps in Washington DC.


In April 2016 NII (Japanese National Institute of Informatics) provided 20Gbps connectivity directly between Japan and GÉANT in London as part of its next phase network, SINET5.


The Taiwanese network, TWAREN, also connects to New York where it peers with GÉANT, enabling Taiwanese academics and scientists to collaborate with their partners in Europe.


The Academia Sinica Grid Computing (ASGC) network of Taiwan also peers with GÉANT via a 10Gbps link to the GÉANT point-of-presence in Amsterdam.

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Central As​ia


Co-founded by the European Union and launched in 2010, CAREN sets out to create a regional network across Central Asia, interconnecting researchers, academics and students at research and education institutions in Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan and Uzbekistan.

The 3rd phase started in June 2016 and resumes regional R&E connectivity after the previous project phase ended in August 2015.

With 4.5M Euro initial EU co-funding, CAREN3 will initially reconnect Kyrgyzstan and Tajikistan where the governments have signed bilateral financing agreements with the EC. Kazakhstan, Turkmenistan and Uzbekistan are also eligible to join the project subject to EC approval and similar government financing agreements.


Visit the CAREN website.

EU funding for the CAREN project ended in December 2019. The region’s NRENs have started a new phase of regional collaboration. Find out more at https://icaren.org/



Connectivity between Afghan universities ​and GÉANT is provided by the SILK-Afghanistan project with a 155Mbps link between Kabul and Vienna on terrestrial optic fibre. SILK-Afghanistan, which is jointly funded by NATO’s Science for Peace and Security Programme and the U.S. Department of State, currently connects 18 Afghan universities. This benefits an estimated 70,000 students, teachers and research​ers in the country, providing them with a gateway to GÉANT’s 50 million users at 10,000 institutions across Europe.


A new organisation, AfgREN, is being set up to manage a dedicated national research and education network (NREN) for the country, a model successfully proven around the world. Looking to the future, Afghanistan has also joined the pan-Asian TEIN research and education networking project, and a new high-speed network connection to the TEIN network backbone is planned for 2015/16.


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Pacific Islands

Connectivity in the Pacific islands and to the global research and education networking community is currently limited. Satellite links enable campuses of the University of the South Pacific to interconnect via a link to AARNet in Australia providing international connectivity. In addition, RENATER, the French NREN, has low-capacity links to New Caledonia, Wallis and Fortuna, and French Polynesia, thus providing direct connection to the GÉA​NT network​.​